Jump to content


Changing Fireworks Chemistry in India

  • Please log in to reply
4 replies to this topic

#1 MDH


    Pyro Forum Regular

  • General Public Members
  • PipPipPip
  • 742 posts

Posted 23 February 2019 - 02:16 AM

In my first post in an incredibly long time, I thought I'd forward this interesting article from India.




Of particular interest, this bit:



As India is a very heavily populated place and fireworks are ignited in great quantity during Diwali, it's perfectly understandable they would take the initiative to try and reduce air pollution where perhaps those of us in less densely populated countries would take our air for granted.

Edited by MDH, 23 February 2019 - 02:26 AM.

#2 Arthur Brown

Arthur Brown

    General member

  • UKPS Members
  • 2,923 posts

Posted 10 March 2019 - 10:37 AM

Interesting that they want to replace active chemicals with zeolite an inert rock with suspicions of being like asbestos and  associated with a high incidence of malignant mesothelioma, a life-threatening disease also associated with inhalation of asbestos particles.


Keep mannequins and watermelons away from fireworks..they always get hurt..

#3 Ian SB

Ian SB

    New Member

  • UKPS Members
  • 8 posts

Posted 26 March 2019 - 12:27 PM

Hi I am new to the forum and hope that my post is in the right area. Please let me know if I have breached protocol.


Thanks for the post. Shame they don't give more information about eco friendly alternatives. Interesting point that the alternatives might be problematic in a different way.


On a related subject EU changes (subject of course to Brexit) to the EPP licence in a couple of years may make using KP and KClO3 a thing of the past for hobbyists and if Barium salts and Perchlorates (is this all perchlorates including Ammonium?) are deemed environmentally unacceptable we will need some new ways of producing colours fairly soon. I know there is work on Boron Carbide and various Sr compounds for red and green (and possibly colours between) but are any of them viable in terms of practical use ie cost, efficacy and availability?


I know that Lloyd has produced colours commercially using nitrates as the sole oxidisers (and assume that must be with treated Mg or maybe MgAl?) He has said that he is commercially constrained from sharing these at present. Any ideas or info would be gratefully received.


#4 MDH


    Pyro Forum Regular

  • General Public Members
  • PipPipPip
  • 742 posts

Posted 05 April 2019 - 11:24 PM

Environmentally friendly pyrotechnics as they are now are less an issue of what we know will produce results, a more a matter of industrial feasibility - think long-term storage, stability and affordability. Nitrogen rich pyrotechnic fuels, for instance, are excellent light producers, but are not cheap.


If you go to google scholar you can explore many journals dedicated to pyrotechnics, propellants and energetic materials which concern environmentally friendly pyrotechnics. Refine the search results to research published within the last five years and use specific names of the agent you want to explore.


If I look up Pyrotechnics Perchlorate Alternatives, I see this on the first page of results, from 2016:



Similar results can be found through Google Patents, when searching for barium alternatives:



There is work being done all over in many little areas that will cumulatively change fireworks. My personal opinion is that as more research is conducted on the long term impacts of repeated fireworks displays (especially from theme parks, outdoor public event spaces), the more likely it is fireworks companies will be forced to adapt, and soon the industry standard will not include perchlorates or heavy metals in any substantial quantity.

Edited by MDH, 05 April 2019 - 11:25 PM.

#5 MDH


    Pyro Forum Regular

  • General Public Members
  • PipPipPip
  • 742 posts

Posted 29 December 2019 - 09:53 PM

Interestingly enough, back in October, this story actually made the New York Times:



Edited by MDH, 29 December 2019 - 09:54 PM.

0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users